4 Socialization

4 Socialization - Socialization: plays a large part in...

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Socialization: plays a large part in making us who we are We will cover: how we develop a sense of self identity, self image, a social self how socialization occur in groups and social networks the major “agents” of socialization finally, we’ll consider how socialization is a means of social control
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A newborn is full of potential . This baby could grow up to be… What determines the outcome?
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NATURE VS. NURTURE NATURE VS. NURTURE SOCIOBIOLOGY SOCIOBIOLOGY -- emphasizes nature -- emphasizes nature BEHAVIORISM BEHAVIORISM --emphasizes nurture --emphasizes nurture What makes us human? Nature or Nurture BOTH nature gives potential, but nurture develops or represses that potential
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Process by which people Process by which people develop human develop human capacities capacities learn their learn their culture culture and its and its collective memory collective memory Culture Culture =language, values, beliefs, norms, technology,etc. =language, values, beliefs, norms, technology,etc. Collective memory Collective memory = experiences shared and recalled by = experiences shared and recalled by significant numbers of people significant numbers of people acquire acquire self-identity self-identity Self identity : how one defines oneself -- the core of self-identity is membership in a culture or subculture, but also includes the meaning we give to the groups we belong to (ex. age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, occupation, income, family, etc. ) appearance, abilities
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Humans are not born with a sense of self-identity. It evolves through interaction with others and “ reflexive thinking ”-- thinking about how others think about ourselves.
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Social experiences also build the foundation for Social experiences also build the foundation for personality personality : a person’s fairly consistent : a person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting the 5 fundamental components of personality are: 1. extroversion 2. conscientiousness 3. agreeableness 4. artistic sensibility 5. emotional stability Could a person’s personality develop normally Could a person’s personality develop normally without social interaction? without social interaction? NO!
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Social Isolation Impact on nonhuman primates Harry Harlow’s social deprivation experiments created severely disturbed, aggressive monkeys Impact on human children When deprived of stable emotional ties, children’s development deteriorates: death rate increases babies become passive limited verbal ability some later develop aggressive behaviors cannot establish normal emotional ties as adults
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Cognitive development depends on both
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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4 Socialization - Socialization: plays a large part in...

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