South_American_Urbanization

South_American_Urbanization - South American Urbanization...

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South American Urbanization Lecture Notes
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Nearly every major urban center in SA had been founded by 1600; by 1580 Spaniards had established 225 populated cities in the region. During the post-independence era, from 1820 onward, urbanization in SA was shaped by export economies.
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Mineral-based economies together with tropical agriculture systems built around plantations ( coffee, sugar, etc.) tended to create urban enclaves rather than a broader urban system. The SA economies shifted from agriculture to industry and services from 1900 to 1940, and its population shifted from rural areas to urban centers during this period.
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Countries with at least 70% urban are: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Peru, Uraguay and Venezuela. Venezuela is the most urbanized with 94.8%. In 1992, three (3) of the world’s 13 megacities (over 10million) were in South America - Greater Rio de Janiero, Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo
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South American cities share various characteristics : Common colonial experience Similar paths of historic development Recent internationalization and technologies Ongoing conditions of economic recession Widespread informal sectors
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SA cities have long been a part of the global economic system. The countries are highly urbanized, but rates of urban growth are declining. The countries were transformed to urban societies in the 20 th . Century (1900s). Though they have common historical perspectives and experiences, national and local diversity prevail in the cities.
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Cultural influences in SA cities include te mixing of indigenous and European including Spanish, Italian, German
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2009 for the course ISS 320 taught by Professor Houranni during the Spring '07 term at Michigan State University.

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South_American_Urbanization - South American Urbanization...

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