World_Urban_History - World Urban History 3 Lecture Notes 3...

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World Urban History 3 Lecture Notes 3
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From Antiquity to the 5 th . century The first cities were located in agrarian Mesopotamia, around 4000 B.C. Nile Valley 3000 B.C. Indus Valley 2500 B.C. Yellow River 2000 B.C. Mexico 7 Peru 500 A.D.
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Ancient City Sizes: Ur 200,000 (4000 B.C.) Thebes (Egypt) 225,000 (1600 B.C.) The largest ancient city was Rome – the first great city of the world (P.Hall) Rome may have had 1 million by the 2 nd . Century but declined to 200,000 by the 9 th . Century.
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Cities were the settlement form adopted by those in society whose direct presence at the places of agriculture production was not necessary. Cities represented a new social order, but one that was linked to the rural society. Ancient cities were surrounded by countryside (hinterlands). Trade and commerce were the basic functions of ancient cities which were linked to the contryside.
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The Middle Period (5 th . To 17 th . Century)
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World_Urban_History - World Urban History 3 Lecture Notes 3...

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