6 Organizations

6 Organizations - Social Organizations First, well look at...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Organizations First, well look at how social organizations differ from small groups. Then, well consider bureaucracies, a type of organization, and what Weber had to say about process of rationalization . Ill provide some examples of the lack of rationality in some large corporate organizations. including a rouges gallery of some of the biggest corporate scoundrels of recent times. Well wrap up with some of the major changes in the workplace that will affect you. Social Organizations: Background The scope of group life expanded greatly over the last 150 years, especially in post industrial societies like the U.S. We were a close-knit preindustrial society of families living on farms or in small groups in towns and cities, shopping at Mom and Pop businesses for the few goods we didnt produce ourselves. Remember mechanical solidarity? There was no Frys , Chilis, Dillards , Target, or Citibank . Why would you need a WalMart or Olive Garden? People grew most of their food and prepared it themselves. Phones, radios, TVs, air conditioners, refrigerators, toasters, washing machines, dryers, garbage disposals, dishwashers, microwave ovens, lawnmowers, weed eaters, snow blowers, ballpoint pens, scotch tape, computers, iPods, and iPhones hadnt been invented. Americans were using dip pens & ink, horses, outhouses, and eating at home. The first credit card wasnt invented until 1950 and it was hard to qualify. Social Organizations: Background Times have changed. Life in affluent, post industrial, countries today depends on large-scale, multilayered corporations ( ex. Kroger, Ford, USAir, Cigna, Gap, Microsoft, NBC, Disney,) and other formal organizations (ex. fire & police departments, Red Cross, Sierra Club, Harvard, and local, state, and federal governments) to meet our needs for food, clothing, shelter, transportation, safety, sewage disposal, education, health care, entertainment, etc. The first slide presents a very simplified organizational chart of US Govt before homeland security reorganization. So, what is a formal organization? FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS: Large secondary groups created to achieve specific goals the life of these groups extends beyond people in them made of many people with interrelated statuses, roles may have sub-organizations--see first slide have rules, regulations, standards of conduct have own culture & sense of we examples? ASU, GE, IBM, IRS, AMA, NRA, AARP, CIA, UN, Consumers Union, Organizations develop their own culture. Example: Ben & Jerrys Symbols are cows and rainbows Motto: Peace, Love, and Ice Cream: 3 part mission 1. Product Mission: To make, distribute & sell the finest quality all natural ice cream & euphoric concoctions with a continued commitment to incorporating wholesome, natural ingredients and promoting business practices that respect the Earth and the Environment....
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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6 Organizations - Social Organizations First, well look at...

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