Jainism - Jainism 25/09/200907:07:00...

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Jainism 25/09/2009 07:07:00 Main theme- Nonviolence (Ahimsa) 1893- World Parliament of Religions- first meeting was held in Chicago, when  Jainism first became “known” by the west. About 4 million practitioners.  Jinas- religious leader, mean victor, as in one who is victorious over their life.  Speak a message of nonviolence and renunciation - 24 of these.  ** There are  no founders of Jainism. o Vardhamana (599 BCE)- the most recent Jina- given the title Mahavira. o Jinas can also be known as Tirthankara (“bridge builder”)  Tirthas- divisions of society; monks, nuns, laymen, laywomen o Mahavira- born into the Ksatryia caste, marries early but leaves family  once parents die, becomes a monk. Starts to collect followers known as Nirganthas- ‘the unattached  ones’. He later becomes enlightened, shaved his head, and then is  titled a Jina. 2 separate ideas after his enlightenment: He stays the same and is still a human vs. he becomes a  god and speaks nothing but the syllable Om. 5 events of his life; conception, birth, renunciation,  enlightenment, “death” Died in 527 BCE, 72 yrs old o The other Tirthankaras 1 st - Rishabha; father of Bharata  Etiologies- stories of beginnings, ie fables. Brought social institutions to the world
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2009 for the course RELI NA taught by Professor Jordan during the Fall '09 term at UGA.

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Jainism - Jainism 25/09/200907:07:00...

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