Reli 1002- Hinduism - Reli1002IntroandHinduism...

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Reli 1002- Intro and Hinduism 19/08/2009 07:07:00 Religio- piety, the proper acts of being religious and reverant Until 1490’s there are no other religious studies other than Christianity,  Judaism, Islam, and paganism.  Books on religion focused on three things: o Creeds- a statement of affirmation of belief o Secular/sacred- things unholy outside of the church/ things that go  hand in hand with the church o Exclusive Membership Eastern religious practitioners are more apt to have multiple religions ie.  Buddhism and Shinto. First book that deals with world religions was written by Frederick Maurice in  1846. o Several categories for world religions Missionary Religions- convert seeking religions Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam. National religions- state religions Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Shinto Other- Indian and Chinese religions India- Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism China- Daoism, Confucianism Tribal Religions- ex. Native American, African Religions Dead Religions- no longer practiced, ex. Greek and Roman  religions
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New Religions- post 1945 Japanese religions, Baha’i world faith Enlightenment started the focus on the theory of religion o Questions and topics of religious theory Anthropomorphism- “why do gods look like us” Herodotus- “father” of history, noticed all of the gods were  similar to each other Deism- idea that there is a “god”, but he just made the universe  and then left it alone. Immanuel Kant- realizes that there is no way to prove the  existence of god  Schleiermacher- says that the only thing humans can know  about a religion is the “gut” feeling that there is something  bigger out there. Kant and Schleiermacher start the interest in 19 th  century religious theory. o Strong focus on the origin of religion Friedrich Mueller wrote “Sacred Books of the East” Edward Tyler was an anthropologist and religious scholar.   Coins the term Animism- belief that there is something  inferior about the tribal religion because they are not at  the level of western religions Sigmund Freud- In “Totem and Taboo”, had primal horde  theory, which said that in the deep human subconscious there is  a common collective history about religion. Carl Jung referred to this as a “collective unconscious”.  20 th  century religious theory o More focus on the practice of than the origin of religion Clifford Geertz- “Religion as a Cultural System” – the social  theory of religion 
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Reference “definitions of religion”  Hinduism Vedas- “what is written” directly related to the gods
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2009 for the course RELI NA taught by Professor Jordan during the Fall '09 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Reli 1002- Hinduism - Reli1002IntroandHinduism...

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