Anthropology Test 2

Anthropology Test 2 - A nthropology Test 2 Concept of a...

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Anthropology Test 2 Concept of a Health System: -the health system progresses from parents, age, sex to lifestyle to society, family, friends to living and working conditions to culture, environment, and economy. -The perceptions and classifications of health problems are: prevention methods, diagnosis, and healing and healers. Constructing/Reading Kinship Diagrams: Culture Bound Syndrome: -A health problem with a set of symptoms associated with a particular culture. -Susto: found among Latinos, has a variety of symptoms that do not correlate directly with the ICD, brought on by traumatic events, more common among socially marginal individuals, thought to be a way of bringing together one’s social network. -Anorexia Nervosa: associated with industrial, western societies, found in mostly euro- american adolescent girls, difficult to cure medically, experts suggest it is due to excessive concern with looks and body weigh caused by societal pressures. Difference Between Sex and Gender: -Sex relates to biological differences and what you are born with. Has to do with chromosomes.
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-Gender relates to characteristics that a culture assigns as masculine or feminine. And this is usually determined at birth. Disease/Illness Dichotomy: -Disease is a biological health problem that is objective and universal -Illness is a culturally specific perception and experience of a health problem Distinction Between Magic And Religion: -Magic is the attempt to compel supernatural forces and beings to act in a certain way. -Religion is an attempt to please supernatural beings and forces. Economic System, It’s Parts and Their Interaction -The economic system is composed of production, consumption, and exchange. -The five modes of production are foraging, horticulture, pastoralism, agriculture, and industrial agriculture. Can be either intensive or extensive. Factors That Influence Reproduction -birth and death rates -value of children -mode of fertility control -level of reproduction specialization Factors That Influence Your Health -parents, age, sex -lifestyle -society, family, friends -living and working conditions -culture, environment, economy Functions of Religion -search for order and meaning (life and death, sense of belonging) -reducing anxiety, increasing control (dealing with the unknown) -reinforcing or challenging the social order (rationalize contemporary situation and catalyze rebellion) Globalization and the Economic System -Lure of western goods -effects of privatization -credit cards -economic prices Key Components of Religion
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-sacred stories -use of symbols and symbolism -proposed existence of the nonempirical or supernatural -rituals -experts Medical Pluralism -coexistence of multiple healing systems in one culture -western biomedicine often displaces traditional practices i.e. the success of the training program of the healers in Ghana or the combustion of WBM with Ayurveda in India. Relationship Between Religion and Healing
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Anthropology Test 2 - A nthropology Test 2 Concept of a...

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