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09 - General changes in the nature of the UN Cold War...

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General changes in the nature of the UN Cold War period - Relatively static organization during this time - Two main changes during the period o Expansion in membership over the course of the Cold War Nearly tripled, up to 143 members o Proliferation of institutions and sub-institutions Started with roughly 123 committees, by 1978 there were 289 - Continuities of the period o From inception it is caught up in the east/west conflict Freezes during the cold war because the US is on one side and the USSR on the other o Emphasis on decolonization o Very limited peacekeeping Only 13 operations in total over four decades Only 2 or 3 would be extensive operations, the equivalent of what we consider peacekeeping today 1948 was the first time and sort of force was sent out 1956 was the first substantive mission Dealing with the Suez crisis Followed by operations in the Congo in 1960 o Respect for the principle of non-intervention Respect for the sovereignty of the state Article 2 on the UN charter: do not intervene with things that are within the domestic sphere Tension between article 51 and article 2 Post-Cold War period - Difference between the two post-cold war decades o 1990’s vs. the new millennium o A lot more change than continuity as a general rule - Changes o A lot more members 169 to 192: push that came from the breakup of the USSR and the central Asian republic o
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