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Unformatted text preview: Seeming rise in international terrorism over the last 20-30 years Defining terrorism- Difficult task: one mans terrorist is another mans freedom fighter- Some argue that we should just leave it undefined- Has different references and meanings from its origins o Traced back to France and the reign of terror o During the 1800s it primarily referred to extreme dynastic rulers in Europe Propaganda by deed, using violence to get ones way o 1930s and 1940s it was used to refer to totalitarian states Hitler, Stalin o 1950s and 1960s it referred to colonialism o Referred to a broader set of groups seeking independence from old and new states Now includes drug traffickers- In general used to mean using violence against the political status quo- Brian Jenkins: if one identifies with a victim of the act, it is terrorism, if one identifies with the perpetrators, it is not- Bruce Hoffman o Director of terrorism research unit at Rand o Suggested that it is possible to define terrorism objectively...
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- Al-Qaeda, Bruce Hoffman, Brian Jenkins