09 - Nature, Peace, and Conflict Rational choice model o...

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Nature, Peace, and Conflict - Rational choice model o Decision makers are purposive – choices are designed to achieve outcomes consistent with his or her goals o Instrumental rationality – actors relate means to ends Try to maximize benefits at lowest cost o Rational actor model Decision maker takes into account goals of his state, determines priorities, and options o Dominance of cost-benefit analysis No consideration of morality - The Role of nature o Hobbes: state of nature is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short States act internationally as they would individually, they are in constant competition Sometimes conflict may arise not because it is instrumentally useful, but because man has a propensity for competition and conflict A Leviathan is then necessary to create order - Three views of biology and war o War as biologically necessary Man has pugnacious instincts Some outlet in aggressive behavior is necessary to reach full human stature Evolutionary response, natural selection
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09 - Nature, Peace, and Conflict Rational choice model o...

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