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09 - Milgram experiment In post-experiment psychology study...

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Milgram experiment - In post-experiment psychology study, only 1% of people regretted doing study o Had been informed that they had not actually harmed anyone o Is regret quantifiable? - Is the authority necessary or is it latent aggression that manifested itself? - Motivated by Eichmann: was he a bad person or responding to authority? - Under certain circumstances, is everyone capable of atrocities? Effect of immediacy - As suffering becomes more visible, obedient behaviors decline - Willingness to shock declines from 100% to 30% as a person administering shock becomes more intimately acquainted with suffering Social impact theory - Number of participants affects actions o Increasing participants decreases anxiety associated with state fright - Collective action problem - Intensity of impact divided by number of persons at whom social force is directed Psychology, peace, and conflict Why do states underestimate the costs of war?
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