09 - International Criminal Court - Created by Rome statute...

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International Criminal Court - Created by Rome statute 1998 - 160 states, 70 IOs, 250 NGOs attended - 120 states supported - 1 July 2002: statute effected with 60 ratification - Motivations o Deter future war criminals form human rights abuses - Scope o Exercise jurisdiction over perpetrators if Crimes committed by national of signatory party On territory of signatory party o Traveling dictator exception: leaders of non-signatory countries can commit crimes in territories without fear of prosecution Qualification: Security Council can refer case involving ICC non- signatory to ICC - Objectives o Permanent court designed to punish and deter o Cannot prosecute crimes committed before 2002 o Three “core” crimes Genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes Crimes of aggression on hold until states can agree on a definition - US opposition o Fear that international policing responsibilities will expose it to politically motivated prosecutions before an unaccountable court o
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This note was uploaded on 11/06/2009 for the course GOVT 3937 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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09 - International Criminal Court - Created by Rome statute...

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