09 - Saving Strangers - How to protect civilians in states...

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Saving Strangers - How to protect civilians in states where the government cannot or has not - What explains why states/IOs intervene sometimes and not others? - What mechanisms are available for intervening on behalf of civilians? - Dilemma o Do something to rescue civilians likely to provoke interference? o Do nothing – accusations of moral indifference? Perspectives on moral action abroad - Realists o Actors in multilateral operations are the governments of states o States act out of short and long-term interests o Humanitarian intervention never purely humanitarian o Actions touted as moral are actually a cover for self-interest - Idealists o Ethical response to large-scale tragedy o Humanitarian intervention based on cooperation - Liberal institutionalism o Also focuses on materially-based behavior o Institutions reduce transaction costs so that cooperation becomes more attractive o Institutions could increase likelihood of action by: Reducing suspicions that states’ moral actions were self-interested Monitor burden sharing to reduce free-rider problems
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09 - Saving Strangers - How to protect civilians in states...

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