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Unformatted text preview: o Conditions, not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor differences between people that are otherwise alike leads to conflict-Overvaluation of self leads to devaluation of strangers Nagle-Conventional warfare is less common than low intensity conflict-Rise of nationalism has provided legitimacy to violence directed against the state o Insurgency o Counterinsurgency involves two approaches Total annihilation of rebels Turning the loyalty of the people Fehr and Gachter-Free riders are always punished-Punishment is a secondary good o Emotion explains why we punish o The higher the cost to the people, the higher the punishment o People expect punishment Axelrod-Prisoners dilemma-Tit for tat is the most successful o Cooperation can be reached this way o Always cooperate on the first move, do whatever the other person did on the second move Discussion of Fearon and Leighton-No causal mechanism in their argument-...
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- EVANGELISTA, M