09 - o Conditions not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor differences...

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Realist - Big thinkers o Morgenthau o Gervis o Hobbes - Unit of analysis/assumptions o State o Rational o Pursuing self-interest - Way to peace o Balance of power Structuralist - Big thinkers o Huntington o Marx - Unit of analysis/assumptions o Class o Ethnicity - Way to peace o Revolution Constructivist - Big thinkers o Katzenstein o Ignatieff - Unit of analysis/assumptions o Unit of analysis not important o Interests are socially constructed - Way to peace o Negotiation o Free flow of communication Find shared interests Building shared interest Motivated bias Unmotivated bias Davies - Revolutions occur when conditions are improving o Require both a long period of rising expectations and a brief period of the frustrations of those expectations o Called the J-curve effect Fearon and Laitin - Conditions that favor and objective grievances cause civil war - Civil wars have structural roots o Combo of military technology and decolonization
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o System dominated by fragile states with limited control of their peripheries - Opposed to Huntington’s idea that ethnicity causes civil war
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Unformatted text preview: o Conditions, not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor differences between people that are otherwise alike leads to conflict-Overvaluation of self leads to devaluation of strangers Nagle-Conventional warfare is less common than low intensity conflict-Rise of nationalism has provided legitimacy to violence directed against the state o Insurgency o Counterinsurgency involves two approaches Total annihilation of rebels Turning the loyalty of the people Fehr and Gachter-Free riders are always punished-Punishment is a secondary good o Emotion explains why we punish o The higher the cost to the people, the higher the punishment o People expect punishment Axelrod-Prisoner’s dilemma-Tit for tat is the most successful o Cooperation can be reached this way o Always cooperate on the first move, do whatever the other person did on the second move Discussion of Fearon and Leighton-No causal mechanism in their argument-...
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  • big thinkers, Huntington o Marx Unit, Realist Big thinkers, power Big thinkers, Pursuing self-interest Way

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09 - o Conditions not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor differences...

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