09 - o Conditions, not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Realist - Big thinkers o Morgenthau o Gervis o Hobbes - Unit of analysis/assumptions o State o Rational o Pursuing self-interest - Way to peace o Balance of power Structuralist - Big thinkers o Huntington o Marx - Unit of analysis/assumptions o Class o Ethnicity - Way to peace o Revolution Constructivist - Big thinkers o Katzenstein o Ignatieff - Unit of analysis/assumptions o Unit of analysis not important o Interests are socially constructed - Way to peace o Negotiation o Free flow of communication Find shared interests Building shared interest Motivated bias Unmotivated bias Davies - Revolutions occur when conditions are improving o Require both a long period of rising expectations and a brief period of the frustrations of those expectations o Called the J-curve effect Fearon and Laitin - Conditions that favor and objective grievances cause civil war - Civil wars have structural roots o Combo of military technology and decolonization
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o System dominated by fragile states with limited control of their peripheries - Opposed to Huntington’s idea that ethnicity causes civil war
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: o Conditions, not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor differences between people that are otherwise alike leads to conflict-Overvaluation of self leads to devaluation of strangers Nagle-Conventional warfare is less common than low intensity conflict-Rise of nationalism has provided legitimacy to violence directed against the state o Insurgency o Counterinsurgency involves two approaches Total annihilation of rebels Turning the loyalty of the people Fehr and Gachter-Free riders are always punished-Punishment is a secondary good o Emotion explains why we punish o The higher the cost to the people, the higher the punishment o People expect punishment Axelrod-Prisoners dilemma-Tit for tat is the most successful o Cooperation can be reached this way o Always cooperate on the first move, do whatever the other person did on the second move Discussion of Fearon and Leighton-No causal mechanism in their argument-...
View Full Document

Page1 / 2

09 - o Conditions, not ethnicity Ignatieff-Minor...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online