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Chapter 3 - categories of biological molecules 1 List the 4...

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Chapter 3 Biological Molecules The learning goals listed below are the broad concepts you should understand for this chapter. The learning outcomes list the concepts you should know or the things you should be able to do at the end of this unit. Some of the learning outcomes will be covered in class and the remainder you should achieve through reading, studying, and homework. Learning Goals and Intended Outcomes Learning Goal Learning Outcome(s) 1. Understand the versatility of carbon in organic compounds. 1. Define key terms. (p.55 of text) 2. Describe the bonding characteristics of carbon and the formation of carbon skeletons. 3. Explain the significance of functional groups 2. Understand the modular approach to synthesizing large organic molecules. 1. Explain dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis. 3. Know the 4 general
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Unformatted text preview: categories of biological molecules. 1. List the 4 general categories of biological molecules and their primary functions in living organisms. 2. For each category name the monomers and the polymers described in the text and the type of bonds that are found in each polymer. 3. Explain why cellulose is indigestible to most animals. 4. Describe how the structure of fats and lipids imparts different physical characteristics to these molecules. 5. Explain the special properties of phospholipids. 6. Describe how the structure of steroids is different from other lipids. 7. Describe the 4 levels of structure in proteins. 8. List the subunits of a nucleotide. 4. Know the significance of hydrogenated oils and trans fats. 1. Explain the process of hydrogenation. 2. Recognize the health significance of trans fats....
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