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ch6 - activation energy in chemical reactions 1 Distinguish...

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Chapter 6 Energy Flow in the Life of the Cell The learning goals listed below are the broad concepts you should understand for this chapter. The learning outcomes list the concepts you should know or the things you should be able to do at the end of this unit. Some of the learning outcomes will be covered in class and the remainder you should achieve through reading, studying, and homework. Learning Goals and Intended Outcomes Learning Goal Learning Outcome(s) 1. Understand how the laws of energy govern the use of energy in cells. 1. Define key terms. (p.114 of text) 2. List examples of kinetic and potential energy in living organisms. 3. Explain how the first law of thermodynamics applies to energy use by a runner. 4. Explain how the second law of thermodynamics applies to energy use by a runner. 5. Explain how living organisms are able “battle against disorder.” 2. Describe the role of
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Unformatted text preview: activation energy in chemical reactions. 1. Distinguish between endergonic and exergonic reactions. 2. Draw a diagram to illustrate activation energy in a chemical reaction. 3. Describe a coupled reaction. 3. Understand the role of energy carrier molecules in cells. 1. List the subunits of an ATP molecule. 2. Diagram the conversion of ATP to ADP and the reverse. 3. Use Figure 6-11 as a guide to how ATP can couple glucose breakdown and protein synthesis in a cell. 4. Understand how enzymes are used to regulate chemical reactions. 1. Describe the basic features of a catalyst. 2. Know the type of biological molecule that most often functions as an enzyme. 3. List two additional features of enzymes. 4. Diagram the cycle of enzyme-substrate reactions. 5. Explain ways that enzymes are controlled. 6. Describe how enzyme activity is influenced by changes in temperature or pH....
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