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Chapter 9 - nucleotides differ 2 Describe what the...

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Chapter 9 DNA: The Molecule of Heredity The learning goals listed below are the broad concepts you should understand for this chapter. The learning outcomes list the concepts you should know or the things you should be able to do at the end of this unit. Some of the learning outcomes will be covered in class and the remainder you should achieve through reading, studying, and homework. Learning Goals and Intended Outcomes Learning Goal Learning Outcome(s) 1. Understand the experimental work that revealed that DNA was the molecule of heredity. 1. Define key terms. (p.164 of text) 2. Describe Frederick Griffith’s research and the process of transformation. 3. Describe the experiments of Avery, MacLeod and McCarty and the conclusion that was made from their work. 4. Describe the Hershey and Chase experiments and the conclusion they reported. 2. Explain the structure of DNA. 1. List the 3 parts of a nucleotide and explain how the 4 DNA
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Unformatted text preview: nucleotides differ. 2. Describe what the x-diffraction images of DNA produced by Franklin and Wilkins revealed about DNA structure. 3. Explain how Watson and Crick deduced the structure of DNA. 4. Explain the following components of DNA structure: sugar-phosphate backbone, covalent bonding, complementary base pairing, hydrogen bonding, double helix, antiparallel 5. Apply Chargaff’s rule to the structure of DNA. 6. Explain how DNA encodes information. 3. Understand DNA replication. 1. List the basic steps in DNA replication. 2. Describe the roles of DNA helicases, DNA polymerases, and DNA ligase in replication. 3. Explain why DNA replication is called semi-conservative replication. 4. Explain how mutations occur. 1. Describe proofreading and DNA repair. 2. Explain nucleotide substitution, insertion mutation, deletion mutation, inversion, and translocation....
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