365 summary for test 3 - Central nervous system= cerebrum,...

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Central nervous system= cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem, spinal chord Peripheral nervous system= sensory components and motor components Sensory components= sensory ganglia and nerves= sensory receptors Motor components= visceral motor system and somatic motor system Somatic motor system=motor nerves Visceral motor system=autonomic ganglia and nerves Effectors of visceral motor sys= smooth musc., cardiac, and glands Effectors of somatic motor sys= skeletal muscle Forebrain, midbrain and hindbrain Olfactory bulb, cerebral hemisphere, central sulcus, lateral fissure, cerebellum, myelencephalon, metencephalon Telencephalon, optic vesicle, diencephalons, mesencephalon, metencephalon, pontine flexure, myelencephalon, spinal chord Forebrain= Prosencephalon =Telencphalon and Diencephalon Telencephalon=cerebral cortex and basal ganglia, hippocampus, olfactory bulb, basal forebrain Diencephalon= dorsal thalamus and hypothalamus Midbrain=mesencphalon=midbrain Hindbrain=rhombencephalon =metencephalon and myelencephalon Metencephalon= cerebellum and pons Myelencephalon= medulla **central sulcus- prominent landmark of the brain, separating the parietal lobe from the frontal lobe and the primary motor cortex from the primary somatosensory cortex Throat, tongue, jaw, lips, face, nose, eyes, neck, thumb, digits, hand, arm, shoulder, head, neck, trunk, leg, feet, toes, genitalia Sensory homunculus priorities differ across species **Thalamus is the gateway to the cortex and the cortex underlies intelligent behavior Aristotle thought that the brain serves to cool blood, bigger the brain the cooler the temperament Hippocrates said that the brain is the seat of reason
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365 summary for test 3 - Central nervous system= cerebrum,...

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