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Chapter 17, 8, 11, 27

Chapter 17, 8, 11, 27 - Chapter 17 8 11 and 27 Study Guide...

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Chapter 17, 8, 11, and 27 Study Guide for the Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. A B C D 1. Which term most precisely describes the cellular process of breaking down large molecules into smaller ones? a. catalysis b. metabolism c. anabolism d. dehydration e. catabolism
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E A B C D E 2. Which of the following is a statement of the first law of thermodynamics? A B C D E 3. Living organisms increase in complexity as they grow, resulting in a decrease in the entropy of an organism. How does this relate to the second law of thermodynamics? a. Living organisms do not obey the second law of thermodynamics, which states that entropy must increase with time. b. Life obeys the second law of thermodynamics because the decrease in entropy as the organism grows is balanced by an increase in the entropy of the universe. c. Living organisms do not follow the laws of thermodynamics. d. As a consequence of growing, organisms create more disorder in their environment than the decrease in entropy associated with their growth . e. Living organisms are able to transform energy into entropy. A B C D E 4. Which of the following statements correctly describe(s) some aspect of energy in living organisms? A B C D E 5. Which of the following forms of energy is least available to accomplish cellular work? A B 6. Which of the following is true for all exergonic reactions?
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C D E a. The products have more total energy than the reactants. b. The reaction proceeds with a net release of free energy. c. Some reactants will be converted to products. d. A net input of energy from the surroundings is required for the reactions to proceed. e. The reactions are nonspontaneous. A B C D E
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