History case 2.docx - Trident University Amber Forman...

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Trident University Amber Forman Module 2 Case Assignment History 101 Modern World history Professor Carl Garrigus 02/01//2020
The opium wars changed China as a whole. Opium flooded the country in the hands of Great Britain, causing an addiction crisis. The first opium war broke out in 1840 which in turn led to the Taiping Rebellion as well as a second Opium War. The violence continued in china for the next 20 years, killing over 20 million people. In 1820 China attempted to ban opium from the country and ended up causing conflict and war. British foreign traders illegally smuggled it into the country from India. This resulted in a widespread addiction, which caused the economy and society to fall. Around 1839 the Chinese government found and destroyed more than 20,000 chests of opium that were in a warehouse in Guangzhou. The anger and agitation rose when British sailors killed a Chinese villager. The British refused to turn the sailors over to the Chinese courts. Attacks broke out when British Warships demolished a Chinese blockade in Hong Kong. The British eventually took over Hong Kong and Nanjing. The Chinese and British forces began to negotiate shortly after they took Nanjing. The Treaty of Nanjing was signed in late August of 1842. China agreed to pay Britain back, hand over Hong Kong, and increase the number of treaty ports where British trade could reside from one to five. The British Supplementary Treaty of the Bogue, signed October 8, 1843, gave the British a way for their citizens to be tried in a British court. This treaty also granted

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