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Cyberstalking FS06 - Cyberstalking and On-line Harassment...

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1 Cyberstalking and On-line Harassment Computer Crime Professor Holt
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2 On-line Abuse Abuse and harassment frequently occurs off- line Recently noted on-line Is this computer assisted or focused? The behaviors individuals engage in can take multiple forms cyberstalking cyber-bullying
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3 Cyberstalking There is no single accepted definition for cyberstalking Often encapsulated under regular stalking legislation because it adapts tech to a common criminal problem Stalking is generally defined as the willful or intentional commission of a series of acts that would cause a reasonable person to fear death or serious bodily injury and places them at risk for this type of harm
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4 Cyberstalking There is a somewhat comprehensive definition generated by Bocij and McFarlane for cyberstalking A group of behaviors where people use information technology and communications technology to harass individuals Harassment is a course of action that a reasonable person would think causes another reasonable person to suffer emotional distress
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5 Features Of Stalking Not all instances of stalking lead to violence There are several features to true stalking situations Malice - Premeditation Repetition - Distress Obsession - Vendetta Personally directed - No legitimate purpose Disregarded warnings to stop Harassment of various forms Threats
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6 Impact of Technology Computer technology may facilitate stalking in cyberspace for several reasons Anonymity Lowered inhibitions in on-line settings Lack of body language Less significance given to on-line communication Gender differentials in on-line use
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7 Tools There are myriad tools at the cyberstalker’s disposal E-mails and instant messaging systems are most often used Threats in chatrooms Enticing others to attack or harass the individual Ordering goods or services on behalf of the individual Damaging your system through various attacks False websites Posing as another to various ends Tracking through cell phones Spyware and adware
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8 Why? Stalkers typically want a relationship with the victim If they cannot have one, they will take negative impacts Emotional drives Revenge, hate, anger, jealousy Obsession Stalker may have no previous relationship with victim, but believe they are going to improve their life by connecting with others Mental illness Desire to frighten or embarrass the harassment victim To teach a lesson or change behavior Political or terrorist stalking Person is in a bad mood
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9 Motives Ego & Power Trip stalkers
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