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Social Theory Marx - invention tools material technology...

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1 SOCIAL THEORY I Marx KARL MARX z 1818 – 1882 z most important work: Das Kapital (Capital) z rabbinical Jewish family father converted to Protestanism FREEDOM TO CHOOSE z limited to choices offered by your structural position
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2 ALIENATION z ought to control our creations z alienated when } our creations dominate us, } others use our creations to dominate us z prevent alienation ANALYSIS OF SOCIETY z capitalism z importance of human labor to production z workers do not get full benefits of labor } thus alienated HISTORICAL MATERIALISM social formation base superstructure means of production relations of production forces of production organization of production legal, political system ideology
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3 RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION z must earn living z options depend on structure & technology } progressive stages Base/Infrastructure z economic structure = foundation } legal and political systems } consciousness MATERIALISM z social relations ideas } base superstructure z everything from base } fertility and son preferences
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4 FORCES OF PRODUCTION z constant
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Unformatted text preview: invention } tools } material technology } knowledge (including science) z restriction → revolution HISTORICAL MATERIALISM mode of production base superstructure means of production relations of production forces of production organization of production legal, political system ideology IS SUPERSTRUCTURE CULTURE? z political & legal: social institutions z ideology: those shared ideas that justify unequal distribution z other ideas? } science = prod. forces } not important 5 FALSE CONSCIOUSNESS z successful ideologies accepted } hegemony z remove false consciousness } revolution IMPLICIT HUMAN NATURE z fundamentally creative z able to see outside system z selfishness not innate z competing “modes of production” } TMP: tributary extraction by the state } PCMP: petty capitalist production by families z excess labor necessary } provided by females and junior males Marxist View, not Marx’s View...
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