AP US Go Test 4

AP US Go Test 4 - *=‘<* 4 TAKE-HOME 4 Wt Ch 4,...

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Unformatted text preview: *=‘<* 4 TAKE-HOME 4 Wt Ch 4, Take-Horne (American Political Culture} AP AG 1. According to Alexis de Tocqueville, a democratic republic took root in the United States for all of the following reasons except [A] opportunities to make a living. [B] the absence of a feudal aristocracy. [C] the minimal taxes imposed by government. [D] opportunities for people to acquire land. - [E] the absence of foreign intervention. 2. Why is speaking of a single political culture within a nation dangerous? [A] because people can share a common political culture but still disagree on ideology [B] because most nations do not have a homogeneous population [C] because most nations do not have consistent views about the policies government ought to pursue [D] because political culture is not easily defined [E] because people can have a common ideology but no political culture 3. All of the following are basic elements of the US. political culture except [A] civic duty. [B] liberty. [D] economic equality. [C] individualism. [E] democracy. 4- The text lists three critical questions to ask about political culture. One of these is, [A] Why do political issues tend to dominate political culture? [B] What is the self-interest of those who describe the alleged beliefs? [C] Why does political culture develop in some places and not in others? [D] To what extent are political culture and political ideology synonymous? [E] Why has so much political conflict occurred throughout history? 5. The text lists three critical questions to ask about political culture. One of these is, _ [A] Why does political culture develop in some places and not in others? [B] How can we explain actions that are inconsistent with beliefs? [C] Why do political issues tend to dominate political culture? [D] To what extent are political culture and political ideology synonymous? [B] What is the self-interest of those who describe the alleged beliefs? 6. Political conflict can Occur over specific policies even among those who share common beliefs. One reason for this is that [A] a unitarian political system allows little room for compromise. [B] our interpretations of these common beliefs are also alike. [C] ideology is rarely a feature of political conflict. ‘ [D] political culture typically takes precedence over political ideology. [E] many political values are irrelevant to specific controversies. 7. The text uses the phrase “equality of results” in its discussion of economic equality in the United States and Sweden. This phrase refers to equality in [A] what people are paid. [B] people’s opportunity to get ahead. [C] access to government funds. [D] political participation. [E] political efficacy. 8. Which one in each of the following pairs are Americans more likely to tolerate? [A] political versus economic inequality [B] ideologues versus activists [C] economic versus political inequality [D] political versus sociological inequality [E] activists versus ideologues 9. In American political culture, the view of social policy is by far the most popular. [A] conservative [B] traditionalist [C] individualist [D] collectivist [E] accountability 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. According to polls, which of the groups below are Americans most willing to help? [A] the elderly [B] recent immigrants [C] feminist groups seeking preferential hiring programs [D] civil rights groups seeking preferential hiring programs [E] people on welfare Compared with U.S. political culture, Swedish political culture is more defercntial than participatory. This means that Swedes are more likely than Americans to [A] value equality over liberty. [B] challenge government decisions in court. [C] value accomplishment over labOr. [D] believe in government decisions based on what people want, not on what is best. [E] favor equality of opportunity over equality of results. Concerning the values of individualism, competition, and equality, the sharpest contrast to U.S. political culture is found in [A] Mexico. [B] France. [C] Great Britain. [D] Sweden. [E] Japan. Almond and Verba found that the citizens of which country are more likely to have the greatest confidence in their nation’s major institutions? [A] Italy [B] the United States [C] Mexico [D] Great Britain [E] Germany Data in the text suggest that the average American is more likely than the average European to [A] acknowledge clear standards of right and wrong. [B] have a high tolerance for atheism. [C] see religion as an unnecessary hurdle to progress. [D] not believe in God. [E] exhibit a disinterest in daily prayer. Which group attracted an enormous amount of media attention and became a prominent force in many national, state, and local elections during the 19905? [C] Christian Coalition [E] Prohibitionists [A] Great Beginnings [B] Spiritual Awakening [D] Hyper-Dispensationalists 16. Political diversity and participation in the political process in the United States was encouraged most strongly by its [A] commitment to social equality. [B] relative prosperity. [C] sense of national independence. [D] religious diversity. [E] unitarian system. 17. Which statement is incorrect? [A] The Federalists were led by Hamilton and Adams. [B] The Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans deeply distrusted each other. [C] The Democratic-Republicans were led by Jefferson and Madison. [D] The Federalists passed laws to suppress journalists favorable to Jefferson. [E] None of these. 18. The dominant religious tradition in the early United States was [A] Protestantism, especially Puritanism. [B] nonexistent: the United States had no dominant religious tradition. [C] Catholicism. [D] Protestantism, especially Lutheranism. [E] Protestantism, especially Presbyterianisrn. l9. Churches organized along lines provided training and experience in miniature political systems for many Americans. [A] congregational [B] ecclesiastical [C] communal [D] evangelical [E] hierarchical 20. The absence of a high degree of class consciousness in the United States is due to many factors, including [A] professional sports. [B] equality within families. [C] centralized political authority- [D] a nationalistic philosophy. [E] the symbolic role of the president. 21. All of the following are distinguishing characteristics of American families noted by Eric Erikson except [A] the mistrust of political leaders. [B] the belief that every person has rights deserving protection. [C] the belief that various interests are legitimate. [D] the measure of equality amoug family members. [E] the freedom enjoyed by children. 22. Which of the following groups of issues does the text refer to as areas of conflict in the culture war? [A] school prayer, foreign policy, pornography [B] gay rights, taxes, business regulation [C] abortion, school prayer, foreign policy [D] drug use, school prayer, abortion [E] business regulation, foreign policy, space policy 23. Which of the following most accurately describes the progressive View in the culture war? [A] Morality is more important than self-expression and is based on unchanging rules from God. [B] Morality is irrelevant to personal freedom, even when there are objective standards by which to judge. [C] Morality is more important than self-expression, and the rules vary with circumstances. [D] Personal freedom is more important than tradition, and morality is based on unchanging rules from God. [E] Personal freedom is more important than tradition, and the rules for morality vary with circumstances. 24. One of the ways in which the culture war differs from other political disputes is that [A] the issues are basically simple ones. [B] money is a critical issue. [C] it has no distinct winners or losers. [D] compromise is almost impossible. [E] it is exclusively about what kinds of policies the government ought to adopt- 25. Jimmy Carter is noted in the text’s discussion of Mistrust of Government for his speech on [A] Americans’ malaise about their public institutions. [B] the American spirit of optimism. [C] the necessity of American leadership in the international community. [D] an end to the assassination powers of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). [E] the need for greater pride in their work among Americans. 26. One’s own confidence in one’s ability to understand and take part in politics is referred to as [A] internal efficacy. [B] political ideology. [C] political reciprocity. [D] political culture. [E] external efficacy. 2?. In the past generation, Americans” sense of political efficacy has [A] remained unchanged overall. [B] declined for internal efficacy, remained unchanged for external efficacy. [C] increased substantially overall- [D] declined for external efficacy, remained unchanged for internal efficacy. [E] None of these. 28. Compared with Europeans, Americans are more likely to [A] vote. [B] defer to experts to make decisions. [C] sign a petition. [D] feel alienated from the political process. [E] be registered voters. 29. According to the text, a degree of tolerance toward political discussion without too much oppressiou is [A] what the US. Constitution called for. [B] what characterizes all free nations. [C] rare in a unitary system. [D] the minimum requirement of a democracy. [E] what the Bill of Rights mandated. 30. Studies Show that Americans support constitutional freedoms under what conditions? [A] during times of peace, but not necessarily during war [B] in the abstract, but not always in the concrete [C] only for people who agree with them [D] for all groups at all times [E] in the afiennath of war ...
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AP US Go Test 4 - *=‘&amp;lt;* 4 TAKE-HOME 4 Wt Ch 4,...

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