Aristotle

Aristotle - particular cases while poetry can express...

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Aristotle - it is human nature to write and appreciate poetry o we are natural imitative creatures that learn and excel by imitating others - we can learn by examining representations and limitations of things o explained by our ability to learn and reason o we exercise our reason when seeing something as an imitation of something else - tragedy o involves mimesis o serious o action is complete with magnitude o arouses the emotions of pity and fear and accomplishes a katharthis (purification or purgation of these emotions) o able to experience profound emotion without having its consequences stay with me and harden me to subsequent emotional hocks. o Gives a feeling of necessity, or at least probability to the way certain characters behave in certain situations and thus gives us insight into general principles regarding fate, choice, etc - Distinguishes between poetry and history o History deals with what has been o Poetry deals with what might be Presents the possible as probable or necessary o Poetry is superior to history because history always deals with
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Unformatted text preview: particular cases while poetry can express universal and general truths-Aristotle concludes that the best kind of plot involves the misfortune of someone who is neither particularly good nor particularly bad and whose downfall does not result from some unpleasantness or vice, but rather from hamartia an error in judgment. A good plot, then, consists of the following four elements: (1) It must focus around one single issue; (2) the hero must go from fortune to misfortune, rather than vice versa; (3) the misfortune must result from hamartia; and (4) the hero should be at least of intermediate worth, and if not, he must be betternever worsethan the average person-Pity and fear pleasures of tragedy o Better if they result from the plot itself rather than the spectacle-Tragic hero o Must be good o Good qualities in the hero must be appropriate to the character o Must be realistic o Must be consistent...
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Aristotle - particular cases while poetry can express...

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