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Unformatted text preview: particular cases while poetry can express universal and general truths-Aristotle concludes that the best kind of plot involves the misfortune of someone who is neither particularly good nor particularly bad and whose downfall does not result from some unpleasantness or vice, but rather from hamartia an error in judgment. A good plot, then, consists of the following four elements: (1) It must focus around one single issue; (2) the hero must go from fortune to misfortune, rather than vice versa; (3) the misfortune must result from hamartia; and (4) the hero should be at least of intermediate worth, and if not, he must be betternever worsethan the average person-Pity and fear pleasures of tragedy o Better if they result from the plot itself rather than the spectacle-Tragic hero o Must be good o Good qualities in the hero must be appropriate to the character o Must be realistic o Must be consistent...
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