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study guide stuff - M arch 2008 election Taiwan-K MT...

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March 2008 election Taiwan -KMT nominee Ma Ying-jeou won with 58% of the vote - ended 8 years of DPP rule - KMT back in power of Taiwan DPP Candidate: Frank Hsieh Political rhetoric of the campaign tended to focus on economic issues and government corruption rather than national identity and the political status of Taiwan As a response to Chen Shui-bian’s implications of government corruption - Unemployment had risen - GDP surpassed by South Korea Ma won on a platform of economic revitalization and a promise to improve cross-strait relations - Wanted to be “a peacemaker, not a troublemaker” Stock Market rose drastically after Ma said he will work to open up the three links and improve cross strait relations While PRC does not actively comment, its coverage of the election showed signs of positive interactions between the two governments in the future Cold war in the democratization on Taiwan and South Korea - 1. Buruma’s [ Inventing Japan ] discussion of the importance of the year 1955 for Japanese politics Communists began to fall out of favor after the riots in 1952 (US also withdrew their troops in this year), and tried to gather the marginal and disadvantaged (Koreans, outcasts, day laborers). Socialists were divided in a right and left wing and still occupied about 1/3 of the lower house seats, were bakced by the largest trade union. Conservatives were split between the Democrat Party and the Liberal Party, led by Yoshida. The left and right wings made peace and merged into one Japan Socialist Party (JSP). And this led to the union of the Liberals and Democrats who formed the Liberal Democrat Party (LDP) led by Kishi. This new alignment of parties became known as the “1955 System.” JSP’s aim to lead the workers’ revolution against capitalism in Asia didn’t match most Japanese’s aspirations. The LDP dominated with their big business allies, Washington, senior bureaucrats, and an electoral system that favored the conservative rural areas. Built up a formidable political machine that was founded on money from everywhere – construction companies, crime syndicates, industrial corporations, CIA slush funds, and trading companies. 1955 also the year of establishment of the Diet.
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2. Kwangju Uprising Chun Doo-hwan, who headed the Defense Security Command, appointed himself head of the KCIA. In May 1980, students protested against the martial law intact, and thousands engaged in warfare with the police. The ruling party leader, Kim Jong Pill joined in a call to end the martial, but it was too late. On May 17, 1980, Chun took over and imposed his own martial law, including banned political activity, arresting politicians, media censoring, and closed universities. Troops arrested student activists on campus and were assigned to certain universities in Kwangju, capital of South Cholla province, to prevent so. This wasn’t the first time troops had to do so. On another occastion, they beat demonstrators, but not much more than a protestor would expect, and not in daylight.
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