Abn ch1 - Chapter 1 Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context...

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Chapter 1 Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context
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What is a Psychological Disorder? Psychological Dysfunction Breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning Personal Distress Difficulty performing appropriate and expected roles Impairment is set in the context of a person’s background Atypical or Not Culturally Expected Response Reaction is outside cultural norms
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Abnormal Behavior Defined Working Definition A psychological dysfunction associated with distress or impairment in functioning that is not typical or culturally expected The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM- IV-TR) DSM Contains Diagnostic Criteria The Field of Psychopathology The scientific study of psychological disorders
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The Science of Psychopathology Mental Health Professionals The Ph.D.’s: Clinical and counseling psychologists The Psy.D.’s: Clinical and counseling “Doctors of Psychology” M.D.’s: Psychiatrists
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The Science of Psychopathology (continued) M.S.W.’s: Psychiatric and non-psychiatric social workers MN/MSN’s: Psychiatric nurses Lay public and community groups United by the Scientist-Practitioner Framework
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The Scientist-Practitioner Producers of Research Consumers of Research Evaluators of Their Work Using Empirical Methods
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Fig. 1.2, p. 6 Functioning as a Scientist-Practitioner
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Clinical Description Begins with the Presenting Problem Description Aims to Distinguish clinically significant dysfunction from common human experience Describe Prevalence and Incidence of Disorders
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Clinical Description (continued) Describe Onset of Disorders Acute vs. insidious onset Describe Course of Disorders Episodic, time-limited, or chronic course Prognosis Good vs. guarded
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2009 for the course PSY 3315 taught by Professor - during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Abn ch1 - Chapter 1 Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context...

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