chapter9 - Chapter 9 Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders...

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Chapter 9 Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
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Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders: An Overview (continued) DSM-IV-TR Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Gender identity disorder Sexual dysfunctions Paraphilias
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Defining Gender Identity Disorder Clinical Overview – Trapped in the Body of the Wrong Sex Assume the identity of the desired sex Goal is not sexual Causes are Unclear Gender identity develops between 18 months and 3 years of age
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Defining Gender Identity Disorder (continued) Sex-Reassignment as a Treatment Who is a candidate? – Basic prerequisites before surgery 75% report satisfaction with new identity Female-to-male conversions adjust better Psychosocial Treatment Realign psychological gender with biological sex Few large scale studies
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Overview of Sexual Dysfunctions Sexual Dysfunctions Involve Desire, Arousal, and/or Orgasm Pain associated with sex can lead to additional dysfunction
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Overview of Sexual Dysfunctions (continued) Males and Females Experience Parallel Versions of Most Dysfunctions Affects about 43% of all females and 31% of males Most prevalent class of disorder in the United States
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Overview of Sexual Dysfunctions (continued) Classification of Sexual Dysfunctions Lifelong vs. acquired Generalized vs. situational Psychological factors alone Psychological factors combined with medical condition
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Fig. 9.3, p. 355
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Sexual Desire Disorders: An Overview Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Little or no interest in any type of sexual activity Masturbation, sexual fantasies, and intercourse are rare Accounts for half of all complaints at sexuality clinics Affects 22% of women and 5% of men
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Sexual Desire Disorders: An Overview (continued) Sexual Aversion Disorder – Also Little interest in Sex Extreme fear, panic, or disgust Related to physical or sexual contact Some report panic attacks during attempted sexual activity
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Sexual Arousal Disorders Male Erectile Disorder Difficulty achieving and maintaining an erection Female Sexual Arousal Disorder Difficulty achieving and maintaining adequate lubrication
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Sexual Arousal Disorders (continued) Associated Features of Sexual Arousal Disorders Problem is arousal, not desire Problem affects about 5% of males, 14% of females Males are more troubled by the problem than females Erectile problems are the main reason males seek help
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2009 for the course PSY 3315 taught by Professor - during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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chapter9 - Chapter 9 Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders...

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