chapter11 - Chapter 11 Personality Disorders Personality...

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Chapter 11 Personality Disorders
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Personality Disorders: An Overview The Nature of Personality Disorders Enduring and relatively stable predispositions Inflexible and maladaptive, causing distress and/or impairment Coded on Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR Categorical vs. Dimensional Views of Personality Disorders
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Personality Disorders: An Overview (continued) DSM-IV-TR Personality Disorder Clusters Cluster A – Odd or eccentric cluster Cluster B – Dramatic, emotional, erratic cluster Cluster C – Fearful or anxious cluster
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Personality Disorders: Facts and Statistics Prevalence of Personality Disorders Affects about 0.5% to 2.5% of the general population Rates are higher in inpatient and outpatient settings Origins and Course of Personality Disorders Thought to begin in childhood Tend to run a chronic course if untreated Comorbidity Rates are High
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Personality Disorders: Facts and Statistics (continued) Gender Distribution and Gender Bias in Diagnosis Gender bias exists in the diagnosis Criterion and/or assessment gender bias
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Cluster A: Paranoid Personality Disorder Overview and Clinical Features Pervasive and unjustified mistrust and suspicion The Causes Biological and psychological contributions are unclear Early learning that people and the world is a dangerous place
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Cluster A: Paranoid Personality Disorder (continued) Treatment Options Few seek professional help on their own Treatment focuses on development of trust Cognitive therapy to counter negativistic thinking Lack of good outcome studies
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Cluster A: Schizoid Personality Disorder Overview and Clinical Features Pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships Very limited range of emotions in interpersonal situations The Causes Etiology is unclear Preference for social isolation resembles autism
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Cluster A: Schizoid Personality Disorder (continued) Treatment Options
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