Comprehensive Final Exam Study Guide

Comprehensive Final Exam Study Guide - Comprehensive Final...

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Comprehensive Final Exam Study Guide Abnormal Psychology Dr. Etherton Chapter 1. How is a psychological disorder (or abnormal behavior) defined? What elements must be present? What training is required for the mental health professions (Phd, MD, psychiatric nursing, etc.) Know briefly the historical perspectives on the causes of psychological disorders. Know Freud’s psychoanalytic approach (briefly), including Id, Ego, Superego, and the ways that these structures operate and interact. What historically significant medications (e.g., antipsychotics) have been developed to treat psychological disorders? Know the Behaviorists (Watson, Skinner) and their influence on understanding abnormal behavior, especially the notion that behavior is influenced by the environment. Chapter 2. What do most researchers believe is the role that genes play in influencing psychological disorders? What is the diathesis-stress model? CNS = brain + spinal cord Peripheral NS = nerves outside the brain and spinal cord PNS = somatic nervous system + autonomic NS Autonomic Neurons: cell body, dendrites, axons, axon terminal synapse Neurotransmitters: serotonin, dopamine (what functions are each of these associated with?) Know the functions of brain structures/areas: forebrain, midbrain, cerebral cortex, frontal lobe How do cognitive factors influence the development of psychological disorders (think of learned helplessness)? Chapter 3 What is the DSM-IV-TR for, how does diagnosis work, and what are the 5 Axes of the DSM? What are some concerns associated with assigning a diagnosis to an individual? What do reliability, validity, and standardization refer to? What is the purpose of a clinical interview? A mental status exam?
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What does reactivity mean and how is it relevant when attempting to gather information about a patient? What is the theoretical basis of projective tests? Chapter 4. Distinguish among Fear (present-focused), Anxiety (future-focused), and Panic attacks (alarm response) Know some symptoms of panic attacks and their varieties (e.g, cued, uncued) Fight-flight/sympathetic nervous system Behavioral/cognitive views of anxiety disorders
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Comprehensive Final Exam Study Guide - Comprehensive Final...

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