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Chapter 4 Notes - Chapter 4 Gender Development Gender Roles...

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Chapter 4: Gender Development, Gender Roles, and Gender Identity (7/6/09) Sex: Biological Fact Gender: Socially Constructed Idea Atypical Sexual Differentiation (1 in 2000 live births) Irregularities due to: o Chromosomes o Hormones o Maternal hormone exposure Sex – A biological category based on the arrangement of chromosomes, hormones and phenotypic (physical) features Gender – Socially constructed beliefs and practices regarding the roles, responsibilities and obligations that are, in some ways, tied to biology and reproduction Orientation – Based on the sex and genders that a person is attracted to emotionally, physically, sexually, and romantically Masculinity and Femininity – Ideal cluster of traits that society attributes to each gender Androgyny – Highly masculine and highly feminine Sex is universally shared. Gender Roles : culturally defined behaviors, attitudes, emotions, traits, mannerisms, appearances, and occupations that are appropriate for ‘females and males’ o Vary cross-culturally
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  • Summer '08
  • Gravlee
  • Chromosome Abnormalities, Sexual differentiation, Atypical Sexual Differentiation, Transsexual Third Genders

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