{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

History 357 Exam-I study Guide

History 357 Exam-I study Guide - STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM I...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM I Covering Merriman, Chapters 1-6, key terms, class notes, and BlackBoard Learning Modules I. Medieval Background General characteristics of the European Middle Ages Causes for the decline of the Middle Ages II. Renaissance 1350-1550/1400-1530 Northern Italian city states Humanism—civic humanism Renaissance art Renaissance monarchs—first half 16 th c. Francois I of France Henry VIII of England Charles V Holy Roman Empire III. Reformations Northern Renaissance & Christian Humanism Lutheranism—causes Condition of the Catholic Church early 16 th c. Humanist tradition & northern piety Specific conditions of German speaking area of HRE Luther’s theology Awesome total power of God Salvation only through God’s grace Bible sole authority Spread of Lutheranism & conflicts Peasants Princes in the HRE Scandinavian monarchs Peace of Augsburg 1555 Radicals—Anabaptists in Munster and more Calvinism Theology: awesome total power of God, salvation only through God’s grace, all salvation is predestined, only small Elect to be saved, reform society, legitimacy of some rebellion Spread of Calvinism: France, Netherlands, England, Scotland Catholic Reformation Ignatius Loyola & Jesuit order Council of Trent 1545-63 Re-conversion in East Europe and new converts in Americas IV. Wars of Religion & Dynastic Conflict 16 th & 17 th centuries Economic & social conditions of 16 th & 17 th centuries Conflict centers on Habsburg ambitions & commitments Charles V HRE, Philip II of Spain, Ferdinand II HRE Dutch Revolt: creation of independent United Provinces of the Netherlands, seven n. provinces, 1560’s-1648 Conflict between Spain & England 16 th century—1588 Armada Civil War in France
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Catholic vs. Calvinist nobles for crown; 1572 St. Bartholomew massacre Calvinist Bourbon win, Henry IV, converts to Catholicism Edict of Nantes 1598 30 Years War 1618-498 begins as Catholic Habsburg HRE vs. Protestant princes intervention of Danish & Swedish kings becomes dynastic conflict Habsburg vs. French Bourbons nature of warfare & armies consequences of 30 YW Causes for decline of Spanish monarchy V. Netherlands 80 years conflict with Spain for independence 1560’s-1648 Economic, social & cultural boom 1580’s-1660’s causes for Economic advances in trade and finance Banking & stock exchange Dutch East India Co.,. Dutch West India Co.—slave trade Causes of decline in the late 17 th c. VI. English Civil War Stuart kings rule conflict w/Parliament Religious situation 1642-6 Parliament & Charles I at war defeat of royalist army Parliamentary New Model Army—led by Oliver Cromwell Divisions w/i New Model Army: Presbyterians, Independents, Levellers Rump Parliament tries, condemns & execute Charles I--1649 1648-53 Commonwealth—Puritan Republic—Cromwell Aggressive, expanding foreign & military policy Wars against Scots, Irish, Dutch, Spanish 1653-1660 Protectorate—Cromwell’s dictatorship—Cromwell dies 1658 Restoration of Stuart kings 1660-1688 causes of failure Glorious Revolution: new dynasty William of Orange & Mary Stuart Parliament triumphant—Bill of Rights
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern