2-Communication Apprehension

2-Communication Apprehension - “So What’s Stopping...

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Unformatted text preview: “So What’s Stopping You?” (or, Communication Apprehension) (or, Chapter 2 Chapter Americans Fear Public Speaking Snakes 51% 40% 36% 34% 27% 18% Gallup Poll in USA Today, March 26, 2001 Public speaking Heights Being closed in small spaces Spiders & insects Flying on airplanes Communication Apprehension Communication “the general predisposition to avoid the situations that require communication” situations Anxiety: Two Types Anxiety: 1 – Situational Better known as “stage fright” Depends Comes and goes…it’s normal 2 – Dispositional Also known as “trait-like” Enduring Affects your ENTIRE life What’s responsible? GENETICS GENETICS – Upside It’s not your fault!! – Challenge To a degree, you’re To stuck with it ENVIRONMENT – Upside You can change this! – Challenge Battle 3 environmental Battle factors factors Environmental Causes Environmental 1. Poor encouragement or support “It’s better to be seen than heard” 1. Poor skill development “Behind the learning curve” 1. Poor models or example “Monkey see, monkey do” QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. WHY am I scared? WHY Because you are… …fearing evaluation …NOT prepared! …the spotlight the (conspicuous) (conspicuous) …too hard on yourself too (too rigid) (too …freaking yourself freaking out (negative self-talk) (negative The Google search “fear of public speaking” returns over 317,000 websites with this exact phrase….(looks like we’re not alone) Plus these too… Plus Novel Situations Formal Situations Subordinate status Unfamiliarity with Norms Careful…Talkaholics Careful…Talkaholics http://youtube.com/watch?v=sj3Syni1smY http://youtube.com/watch?v=sj3Syni1smY Overcoming Stagefright Treatment Approaches Treatment Skills Training (“Practice & Awareness”) Visualization (“Zone”) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NNw5mM_7ES4 Systematic Desensitization (Sensory) Systematic Cognitive Therapy/Restructuring (Mind muscle) For SEVERE Apprehension For Systematic Desensitization Physical reactions to communication Physical Use Relaxation therapy (muscle relaxation, etc.) Use Remember: de-SENSE-itization Remember: Cognitive Therapy Unrealistic fears of communication fears Use Cognitive Restructuring = Examining the fears Use Use Visualization = Imagining success Use Managing your Fears Managing BEFORE your speech… Assess your fears… What strategies will you use? You Can Do It! Examples ??? Activity Activity Quasi­Impromptu Share Share your best or worst date Share your best or worst or unique job Share a family tradition Share an experience you had with another culture Share your dream job Lets take away newness, become familiar, practice…. REVIEW: REVIEW: Chapter 2 How do situational anxiety and dispositional anxiety differ? What are some reasons for experiencing communication apprehension? Why might we experience stage fright? Describe ways to manage, reduce or overcome the fear of communicating. ...
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