HIS 101 – Exam 2 Study Guide Explain the problems encountered by the Roman republic during the period of rapid expansion from 390-133 BC. Explain the economic results of the expansion. • During the period of 390-133 BC, the Roman republic seized the lands of Italy, Sicily, Greece, Spain, and after continuing to expand, faced the following: o Extended borders, which required the support of a very large military to protect them, especially from hostile cultures (i.e., the Gauls), o Numerous cultures under Roman rule, being taxed but not given citizenship, which required the constant extinguishing of civil strife, and o Many farmers becoming soldiers at the promise of steady pay, but having to sell their small farms to pay off debt, creating latifundia, which increased the gap between the classes and relocation of some ex-farmers into the cities. Explain the fall of the Roman Empire. When did it happen? What factors contributed to it and what events led directly to it? • In 370, the Huns moved through Central Europe, displacing the Germanic cultures, especially the Visigoths, who
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.