HIS 101 – Greek Religion Study Guide Greek religion is the religious beliefs and practices of the ancient Hellenes. Although it is not the same at Greek mythology, which deals with the tales of the gods, it is closely related. Most prominent about Greek religion, apart from others, was the belief in a variety of anthropomorphic (or humanlike) gods that were not assertive or dogmatic. The history of Greek religion is divided into three periods, the same ones as Greek history itself – archaic, classical, and Hellenistic. The archaic period essentially covers the period from its inception to about the 6th century, which includes the time of Homer. In the 6th century, rationalist thinking of Ionian philosophers and the later probing of accepted values of the Sophists caused increasing scorn of the practices of the gods and the gods soon became subject to the same moral expectations as the Greeks. The Hellenistic period covers the 1st century and onward. As the Greek religion had no creed, it was subject to being divided, and mystery cults (subdivisions within the
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