PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 15

PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 15 - CHAPTER 15 Treatment of...

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CHAPTER 15 – Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychodynamic Therapies Insight – understanding of one’s own psychological processes Therapeutic Alliance – patient’s degree of comfort with the therapist, which allows him or her to speak about emotionally significant experiences Free Association – therapeutic technique for exploring associational networks and unconscious processes involved in symptom formation Interpretation – the therapist helps the patient understand his or her experiences in a new light Resistance – barriers to psychotherapy created by the patient in an effort to reduce anxiety Transference – phenomenon in which the patient displaces thoughts, feelings, fears, wishes, and conflicts from past relationships, especially childhood relationships, onto the therapist Psychoanalysis – intensive therapeutic process in which the patient meets with the therapist three to five times a week, lies on a couch, and uses free association, interpretation, and transference Psychodynamic Psychotherapy – form of psychotherapy based on psychodynamic principles, patient meets the therapist somewhat less frequently than in psychoanalysis and sits face to face with the therapist Takes place one to three times a week, more goal directed because of time constraint, conversational, patient in a chair rather than couch, generally short term Cognitive Behavioral Therapies Cognitive Behavioral – approach in clinical psychology in which practitioners integrate an understanding of classical and operant conditioning with a cognitive social perspective Behavioral Analysis – process of assessing the symptom and the stimuli or thoughts associated with it Systematic Desensitization – cognitive behavioral procedure in which the patient is induced to approach feared stimuli gradually, in a state that inhibits anxiety EX: person who was in an automobile accident is afraid to drive afterward 1. sitting behind the wheel of a nonmoving car in the driveway 2. driving along an empty, quiet street on a sunny day 3. driving along a busy street on a sunny day 4. driving on the same street at night 5. driving on a busy expressway in daylight, in the rain 6. driving on a busy expressway on a rainy night Exposure Techniques – behavior therapy techniques based on classical conditioning in which the patient is
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 15 - CHAPTER 15 Treatment of...

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