PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 14

PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 14 - CHAPTER 14 Psychological...

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CHAPTER 14 – Psychological Disorders Cultural Context of Psychopathology Psychopathology – problematic patterns of thought, feeling, or behavior that disrupt an individual’s sense of well-being or social or occupational functioning Thomas Szasz – “Myth of Mental Illness” – mental illness is a myth used to make people conform to society’s standards of normality, mental illness should be treated only if symptoms considered a problem Labeling Theory – theory that psychiatric diagnosis is a way of labeling individuals a society considers deviant Contemporary Approaches to Psychopathology Psychodynamic Perspective Neuroses – problems in living (phobias, chronic self doubt, and repetitive interpersonal problems) Personality Disorders – chronic and severe disorders that substantially inhibit the capacity to love and to work, difficulty maintaining relationships, interpret events in highly distorted ways, depression Psychoses – gross disturbances involving a loss of touch with reality, result of biological abnormalities Etiology – causes of a disorder Psychodynamic Formulation – set of hypotheses about the patient’s personality structure and the meaning of a symptom 1. What does the patient wish for and fear? (motives and conflicts) 2. What psychological resources does the person have at her disposal? (ego functioning) 3. How does the patient experience herself and others? (object relations) Cognitive Behavioral Perspective Cognitive Behavioral – approach in clinical psychology in which practitioners integrate an understanding of classical and operant conditioning with a cognitive social perspective Conditioned emotional responses from unpleasant experiences, irrational fears than form leading to secondary problems Biological Approach Neural Circuits – looks for the roots of mental disorders in the brain’s circuitry, with central focus on heritability of psychopathology, likely to carefully assess for family history of disorders Diathesis Stress Model – model of psychopathology which proposes that people with an underlying vulnerability may develop a disorder under stressful circumstances Symptoms Approach Systems Approach – approach that explains an individual’s behavior in the context of a social group System – group with interdependent parts Family Systems – suggests that an individual’s symptoms are really the symptoms of dysfunction in a family, the real problem lies with the family and not primarily on the individual EX: child’s disruptive behavior is a result of his parents’ shaky marriage
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PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 14 - CHAPTER 14 Psychological...

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