PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 12 - CHAPTER 12 Personality...

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CHAPTER 12 – Personality Personality – enduring patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior that are expressed by individuals Structure of Personality – the way personality is organized within an individual Individual Differences – the way people resemble and differ from one another Psychodynamic Theories Freud’s Models – first comprehensive theory of personality developed while studying hysteria, Psychodynamics – psychological forces such as wishes, fears, and intentions have a direction and an intensity, the balance of these forces determines behavior Topographic Model – Freud’s model of conscious, preconscious, and unconscious processes Conscious – processes that involve a subjective awareness of stimuli, feelings, or ideas Preconscious – thoughts that are not conscious but could become conscious at any point Unconscious – mental processes that are inaccessible to consciousness, many of which are repressed Ambivalence – conflicting feelings or intentions Conflict – a battle between opposing motives Compromise Formations – a single behavior, or a complex pattern of thought and action, that typically reflects compromises among multiple forces Drive Model – Freud’s theory of motivation which holds that people are motivated by instincts or drives Drive – internal tension state that builds up until satisfied Libido – human sexual drive, refers to pleasure seeking and love as well as sexual intercourse Developmental Model – Freud’s model of how children develop through psychosexual stages Psychosexual Stages – Freud’s stages in the development of personality, sexuality, and motivation Fixations – prominent conflicts and concerns focused on wishes from a particular period Regression – reverting to modes of managing emotions characteristic of an earlier particular stage Identification – making another person part of oneself by imitating the person’s behavior, changing the self concept to see oneself as more like that person, and attempting to become more like the person by accepting his or her values and attitudes Oedipus Complex – process that occurs during phallic stage of development when the child desires an exclusive, sensual/sexual relationship with the opposite sex parent Castration Complex – fear a boy has in the phallic stage that his father will castrate him for his wishes about his mother, so threatening that they repress their Oedipal wishes and identify with their father (becoming like their father in the hopes of someday obtaining someone like their mother) Penis Envy – feeling that emerges in girls during the phallic stage, who feel that because they lack a penis they are inferior to boys Oral Stage – occurs in the first year of life, when children explore the world through their mouths Anal Stage – occurs around age twos to three, characterized by conflicts with parents over compliance
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 12 - CHAPTER 12 Personality...

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