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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 11 Health, Stress, Coping Health Psychology Health Psychology field of psychology devoted to understanding psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they are ill Humoral Theory of Illness Hippocrates, disease is caused by an imbalance in the four fluids of the body (blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile), causing psychological and physical changes Cartesian Dualism Descartes, illness and disease result from abnormalities within individual cells, physicians took over care of the body and philosophers took over care of the mind Biomedical Model reductionistic, reducing disease to biological causes at the level of individual cells Psychosomatic Medicine changes in physiology mediate the relationship between unconscious conflicts and illness (unconscious conflicts produce physiological changes within the body) Freud believed physical problems stemmed from unconscious conflicts, conversion reactions, laid the...
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