PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 7 - CHAPTER 7 Thought and Language...

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CHAPTER 7 – Thought and Language Units of Thought Thinking – manipulating mental representations for a purpose Mental Images – visual representations of a stimulus Study of rotated “R”, perceiving/remembering/manipulating visual scenes involves the visual cortex Mental Models – representations that describe, explain, or predict the way things work Category – grouping based on common properties (drinks – alcoholic, juice, soda) Concept – mental representation of a category of objects, ideas, or events that share common properties Categorization – process of identifying an object as an instance of a category, recognizing its similarity to some objects and dissimilarity to others Defining Features – qualities that are essential, or necessarily present, in order to classify an object as a member of a category Well Defined Concepts – concepts that have properties clearly setting them apart from other concepts Prototype – particularly good example of a category (robins, bluebirds, sparrows vs. penguins) Categorization is functional, relies primarily on similarity but includes categorization based on defining features, people tend to categorize in ways that help them solve problems
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 7 - CHAPTER 7 Thought and Language...

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