PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 5

PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 5 - CHAPTER 5 Learning Classical...

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CHAPTER 5 – Learning Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning – procedure by which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response after it is paired with a stimulus that automatically elicits that response Pavlov’s Dogs – dogs salivate when presented with food, Pavlov’s dogs conditioned to salivate at the ringing of a bell just as the dogs were about to be fed Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) – stimulus that produces a reflexive response without any prior learning EX: Pavlov – food acted as an unconditioned stimulus for the dogs Unconditioned Response (UCR) – organism’s unlearned, automatic response to a stimulus EX: Pavlov – salivation at the sight of food Conditioned Stimulus (CS) – stimulus that is learned to be associated with the unconditioned stimulus EX: Pavlov – ringing of a bell even without food evokes a conditioned response Conditioned Response (CR) – response that has been learned EX: Pavlov – salivation at the sound of the ringing of a bell Conditioned Taste Aversion – learned aversion to taste associated with an unpleasant feeling (the smell of a certain food can trigger nausea) Little Albert – John Watson experiment, banging on a steel bar directly behind Albert’s head each time he
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PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 5 - CHAPTER 5 Learning Classical...

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