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PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 2

PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 2 - CHAPTER 2 Research Methods in...

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CHAPTER 2 – Research Methods in Psychology Characteristics of Good Psychological Research Theoretical Framework – Systematic way of organizing and explaining observations, hypothesis that flows from the theory Standardized Procedure – Procedure that is the same for all subjects except where variation is introduced to test a hypothesis Generalizability – Sample that is representative of the population, procedure that is sensible and relevant to circumstances outside the laboratory Objective Measurement – Measures that are reliable and valid Theoretical Framework Theory – systematic way of organizing and explaining observations Hypothesis – tentative belief or educated guess that predicts or explains the relationship between variables Variable – phenomenon that changes across circumstances or varies among individuals Continuous Variable – variable that can be placed on a continuum from none or little to much Categorical Variable – variable comprised of groupings, classifications, or categories Standardized Procedures – applied uniformly to participants that minimize unintended variation Generalizability from a Sample Sample – subgroup of a population likely to be representative of the population as a whole Generalizability – applicability of a study’s findings to the entire population of interest Internal Validity – extent to which a study is methodologically adequate, the design itself can not be flawed
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