PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 1

PSYCH 100 Notes Chapter 1 - CHAPTER 1 The Study of Mental...

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CHAPTER 1 – The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior From Philosophy to Psychology Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory in Germany concluding that to understand the mind and behavior, scientific investigation was required Structuralism – attempted to use introspection as a method for uncovering the basic elements of consciousness and the way they combine with each other into ideas Introspection – trained subjects verbally reported everything that went through their minds when presented with a stimulus or task, looking inward at one’s own mental contents or process Functionalism – looked at explanations of psychological processes in terms of their role in helping the individual adapt to the environment Perspectives in Psychology Thomas Kuhn concluded that scientific progress depends on the development of paradigms Paradigm – broad system of theoretical assumptions employed by a scientific community to make sense out of a domain of experience (model, metaphors to comprehend, set of methods to employ)
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