CHAPTER 1 – The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior ♦ From Philosophy to Psychology Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory in Germany concluding that to understand the mind and behavior, scientific investigation was required Structuralism – attempted to use introspection as a method for uncovering the basic elements of consciousness and the way they combine with each other into ideas Introspection – trained subjects verbally reported everything that went through their minds when presented with a stimulus or task, looking inward at one’s own mental contents or process Functionalism – looked at explanations of psychological processes in terms of their role in helping the individual adapt to the environment ♦ Perspectives in Psychology Thomas Kuhn concluded that scientific progress depends on the development of paradigms Paradigm – broad system of theoretical assumptions employed by a scientific community to make sense out of a domain of experience (model, metaphors to comprehend, set of methods to employ)
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Matchock,robert during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.