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SOC 001 Notes Chapter 3

SOC 001 Notes Chapter 3 - CHAPTER 3 Socialization What is...

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CHAPTER 3 – Socialization What is Human Nature People do not naturally develop. Proper relationships can not be experienced. It is through human contact that people learn to be members of the community. Socialization – the process by which we learn the ways of society Socialization into Self and Mind Looking-Glass Self – term used by Charles Cooley for the process by which our self develops through internalizing others’ reactions to us We imagine how we appear to those around us. We interpret others’ reactions. We develop a self-concept. Role-Taking Young children are unable to take on the role of others. As they develop, they are only able to take on the role of significant others. As the self gradually develops more, they gain the ability to take the role of the group as a whole (generalized other). 3 Stages of Role-Taking Imitation – under 3, can only mimic others Play – 3 to 6, pretend to take roles of specific people Games – begins in early school years, ability to take multiple roles in organized play (baseball) Jean Piaget and Development of Reasoning Sensorimotor Stage – under 2, understanding is limited to direct contact with the environment, unable to understand anything that can not be sensed with touch, sight, sound Preoperational Stage – 2 to 7, develop ability to use symbols, but unable to understand common concepts
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