SOC 001 Notes Chapter 2

SOC 001 Notes Chapter 2 - CHAPTER 2 Culture What is Culture...

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CHAPTER 2 – Culture What is Culture Culture – the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that are passed from one generation to the next Material Culture – the material objects that distinguish a group of people (art, buildings, clothing, etc.) Non-Material (Symbolic) Culture – a group’s ways of thinking (beliefs, values) and doing (behavior, language) Culture Shock – the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with a fundamentally different culture and can no longer depend on their taken for granted assumptions about life Ethnocentrism – the use of one’s own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of other individuals ors societies, generally leading to a negative evaluation of their values, norms, and behaviors Cultural Relativism – not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own terms Symbol – something to which people attach meanings and then use to communicate with others Gestures The ways people use their body to communicate with others may differ from one culture to another. Raising the
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