CHAPTER 2 – Culture ♦ What is Culture Culture – the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that are passed from one generation to the next Material Culture – the material objects that distinguish a group of people (art, buildings, clothing, etc.) Non-Material (Symbolic) Culture – a group’s ways of thinking (beliefs, values) and doing (behavior, language) Culture Shock – the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with a fundamentally different culture and can no longer depend on their taken for granted assumptions about life Ethnocentrism – the use of one’s own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of other individuals ors societies, generally leading to a negative evaluation of their values, norms, and behaviors Cultural Relativism – not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own terms Symbol – something to which people attach meanings and then use to communicate with others ♦ Gestures The ways people use their body to communicate with others may differ from one culture to another. Raising the
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