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PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 5

PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 5 - Personality I Our Personality...

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Personality I. Our Personality Personality is a stable motivational force that determines how persons fulfill themselves physically, psychologically, and socially. How and where this guiding information comes is complex, including biological needs, personal experiences, and learned and imitated behaviors. The different ways of behaving, of being in the world, or of relating to others is personality. It is based upon both learned and non learned motivational forces within us that cause our conscious and unconscious behavior. A. Preview 1. Reasons for Studying Personality a. Development – assuming that the more each person knows about them self, the greater the possibility to become all that they want to become b. Education – helping persons understand them self for greater effectiveness in day to day living in problem solving, relationships, and feelings of self worth c. Therapy – understanding how ineffective and self defeating psychological disorders come from major problems in living and how those effects could be minimized if not prevented 2. Causes Behind our Behavior – The Johari Window a. Public – known to self and to others b. Private – known to self and unknown to others c. Social – known to others but unknown to self d. Unconscious – unknown to self and to others B. Like All Other People Biologically we are like all other people in nearly all important genetic aspects. In 50 years, cultural minorities in the U.S. will comprise 50% of the population. C. Like Some Other People Psychologically we are unique, like no other person in the specific combination of our genes, culture, and learning. For some, the person is divided into a physical body (soma) and a mental mind (psyche). Psychosomatic refers to effects on the body caused by our mind. Somatopsychology refers to bodily effects on our thinking and behavior. Currently scientists believe we are made up of three parts, our biological structure, our psychological consciousness, and our social nature. 1. Biological Reactivity and Limitations In order to survive all life must react and adapt to the physical world that surrounds it. Our bodies are not perfect biological machines and they do not last forever. 2. Psychological Responsiveness a. Cognitions – the psychological self includes very complex cognitive, communicating, and rational emotional components. Cognitive thinking refers to perceiving, organizing, interpreting, remembering, reasoning, problem solving, decision making, and creating. i. Premeditate – plan by thinking beforehand how something might occur ii. Experience – sense clearly and accurately what that something is iii. Reflect – remember and learn from the experience by comparing the real experience to what had been premeditated b. Communications – humans communicate through verbal and nonverbal language channels including words and gestures. Communication increases chances for survival by means of cooperation, division of labor, and mutual defense. It can allow group synergy to occur.
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