PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 4

PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 4 - Effectively Handling Stressors I....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Effectively Handling Stressors I. Adjustive Reactions and Responses to Stressor Effects A. Behavioral Reactions Responses to stress depend on what the stressor is, the environmental context, personal meaning, motives, and individual strengths. Reaction – automatic, unthinking, reflexes Response – choice selected from among possible alternatives by using cognitive means 1. Crying – efficient and effective way to relieve the initial emotional tension and pain of intense stress, unrelieved physiological strain caused by deliberately choosing not to cry when it is appropriate can be felt as an additional strain (machismo in men, social disapproval against crying in males) 2. Humor and Laughter – strain of problems reduced by making light of them, humor can also relieve aggressiveness and anger 3. Sleep and Dreams – sleep has a healing function, nightmares are often part of post traumatic stress disorder, sleep can be used as an escape when nothing seems able to be done, excessive sleeping is found in depression though 4. Talking About Problems – repetitive talking about a distressing experience helps a person to become desensitized to it and to cope better, psychotherapy, talking to oneself can be an effective way of dealing with stress too B. Learned Psychophysiological Responses Behavioral reactions to stress are not effective in relieving major sources of stress by themselves. Severe personal loss or tragedy follows a period of shock, depression, and readjustment. 1. Relaxation – deep relaxation training through muscle tension and relaxation, this is a learned skill and not an ability that just anyone can learn, the relaxed state is brought on by active doing that no drugs can do, increases awareness of stressor situations a. Biofeedback – electronic systems giving direct indications of body states b. Breathing Techniques – slowing breathing rate, shifting breathing from chest to abdomen c. Hypnosis – requires a clinical hypnotist, client encouraged to eventually develop self hypnosis d. Meditation – intense concentration on a single word or letting go of all thoughts, can reverse coronary artery disease e. Muscle Relaxation – any form of tensing and relaxing the muscles (walking, jogging, stretching) f. Visualization – mental imaging of comfortable scenes (going through a stressful event) g. Other – hydrotherapy (baths, saunas, showers), humor, massage, music, anything to quiet the thoughts and relax the body 2. Exercise Exercise reduces tension by reducing or eliminating some of the physiological effects of stress, first many muscle groups are tensed during exercising, than the muscles automatically relax making a person feel refreshed. Exercise reduces the time spent in stressful situations and shifts thinking away from the stress. It also contributes to physical fitness, which is advised three times per week. 3.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 243 taught by Professor Brown,frederickmvanderwel,robrech during the Spring '08 term at Penn State.

Page1 / 5

PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 4 - Effectively Handling Stressors I....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online