PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 2

PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 2 - Assertive Health Behaviors I....

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Assertive Health Behaviors I. Maintaining Physical Health A. The Immune System Assertiveness – act of claiming what is rightfully ours, assertive health behavior is positive in that it is proactive, we act to prevent problems rather than react afterwards Immune System – our body’s complex health maintenance mechanism to protect us from foreign or non self materials that could harm us HIV and AIDS attack and destroy the immune system, most victims die from unrelated illnesses their body can no longer defend against B. Sources of Health Information Health conscious information is readily available, such as inexpensive subscriptions to health newsletters by reputable medical centers. However, business promoters constantly pitch health products and programs are needed to be healthy. Billions of dollars per year are spent on gimmicks and fraud. C. Food and Nutrition Facts affecting food choice are accessibility, convenience, cost, promotion, and taste. 1. Eating to Live – Nutrition affects the immune system. What we eat can affect our recovery time and the amount of fat in our body. The nutritional content of food determines the quality and quantity of daily energy available to us. Eating healthy along with exercise can slow down the aging process. a. Healthy Food – A healthy diet is outlined by the food pyramid guidelines (grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, and meat/beans. Omega-3 fatty acids are recommended for its protection against many physical problems and illnesses. Saturated fats, hydrogenated unsaturated vegetable oils (margarine, peanut butter, butter), and trans fats are not recommended. Non meat foods have been shown to be healthier, reducing the risk of cancer, constipation, and diverticulosis. b. Serving Sizes – No standard serving sizes exist. Food manufacturers often list unrealistic serving sizes to create a marketing illusion of more servings in the package or to mask caloric content. c. Vegetarianism – 5% of the population is vegetarian. Nutrients are obtained almost exclusively through plant life. Vegans are pure vegetarians eating only raw plant food. Lacto eat dairy products as well as plant foods. Lacto-ovo include eggs as well as dairy products like cheese and yogurt in their diet. Other vegetarians eat poultry and fish, but not flesh from animals. Vegetarians are often in danger of nutritional deficiency. Flexitarians only occasionally eat meat to ensure sufficient protein. d. Fiber Content – Fiber is the woody part of plants that humans cannot digest. It provides bulk to meals and gives a feeling of fullness faster than without it. Fiber absorbs water and keeps the solid bowel wastes soft and easy to pass out of the body. II.
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PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 2 - Assertive Health Behaviors I....

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