PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 1

PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 1 - Mental Health Science Positive...

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I. Toward a Science of Mental Health A. Problems Facing Psychology and Psychiatry Causes and treatment of mental disorders have not decreased the number of new patients or led to the reduction of widespread suffering. Between 25% and 33% of adults will suffer from a severe mental disorder sometime in their life. For depression alone, up to 70% of patients diagnosed and treated will relapse within six months after their symptoms decrease. The age of first appearance of depression is decreasing, often leading to other illness states (heart disease, addictive behaviors, suicide, and recurrences of mental illness). The assumption is that depression is caused by problems in living rather than a genetic factor or a physical disease state, and it can be prevented. B. What is Good Mental Health Very few research dollars have been spent on prevention research to promote good mental health or enhanced living. They argue that clear understanding of what mental health must be developed first. Patterns of signs (symptoms) defines a physical disease, psychological problem, or some other abnormal condition. Mental health syndromes can be defined by symptoms of physical (emotional), psychological (mental), and social (interpersonal) well being. 1. Emotional Wellbeing – includes positive moods, a state of general happiness, and a sense of satisfaction with one’s life (scientifically tested and found to be both valid and reliable) 2. Psychological Wellbeing a. Self Acceptance – positive accepting attitudes toward self, multiple aspects of self, and life so far b. Personal Growth – expects to continue developing potential, open to new experiences, feel increasingly knowledgeable and effective c. Purpose in life – have goals and sense of meaningful direction with beliefs that give purpose to life d. Environmental Mastery – feels competent and able to manage a complex environment e. Autonomy – self determining, independent, can regulate own behavior internally with positive standards f. Positive Relations with Others – have warm, satisfying, trusting relationships, capable of intimacy, compassionate, understand the give and take of human relationships 3. Social Wellbeing a. Acceptance – positive accepting attitudes toward most people b. Actualization – believes society is positive, can improve itself, and become a better place for everyone c. Contribution – wants to contribute positively to society and feel contribution is valuable d. Coherence – sees world as mainly predictable, reasonable, and cares about society and world e. Integration – feels a part of the community, belongs and supported, shares commonalities with others C. Mental Health Versus Mental Illness The World Health Organization considers health as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. A healthy person must be able to lead a socially and economically productive life. Keys and Lopez model for diagnosing mental health is
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 243 taught by Professor Brown,frederickmvanderwel,robrech during the Spring '08 term at Penn State.

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PSYCH 243 Notes Ch 1 - Mental Health Science Positive...

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