cognitive notes (dragged) 5.pdf - \u25cf Authority \u25cb Accepting information from a credible source Quiz Answers 1 Annie(health psychologist 2 Habituation

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Authority Accepting information from a credible source 1/7/19 Quiz Answers 1) Annie (health psychologist) 2) Habituation 3) Not possible to see which theory is correct 4) Reasonableness 5) Instrumental conditioning * 6) Flooding 7) Shaping 8) Conditioned taste aversion 9) Observational learning 10) Sensitization Empirical Methods Using scientific method Ways of Gathering Data Naturalistic observation - unobtrusively observe subjects in their natural environment (Jane Goodall and NY) Pace of life- speed at which time passes (people with faster pace of life are more likely to have heart attacks) Participant observation - observing behavior while participating in the situation Dropping pen example Cult example *(daily rituals don’t seem strange anymore)*
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Unformatted text preview: ○ Car dealerships and persuasion example ● One major problem of naturalistic observation ○ reactivity- how much an individual’s behavior is changed as a result of being observed ● Case studies- a highly detailed description of a single individual or event (super memories and accidents) ○ HM and the mirror drawing task ○Phineas Gage ●One major issue with case studies ○ External validity- are the experiences of the research subject truly representative of others ● Survey research- gathering information from a large number of people usually by using a questionnaire (opinions) ○ Sort of the opposite of case studies ○ Problems- lying or not returning the survey...
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  • Fall '12
  • Staff
  • representative, Phineas Gage, Annie, Jane Goodall, major problem of naturalistic observation

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