cognitive notes (dragged) 2.pdf - 2 \u200bFunctionalism\u200b(evolutionary psychologist*in response to problems of structuralism \u25a0 Attempt to understand a

cognitive notes (dragged) 2.pdf - 2...

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2) Functionalism (evolutionary psychologist) *in response to problems of structuralism* Attempt to understand a mental process by determining what problem in the environment the process helps solve Hunger, fear, jealousy Deprive someone of food and then ask what does it feel like to be hungry, what is the purpose of feeling hungry in the first place Relies heavily on Darwin’s theory of evolution (learn about humans by studying animals- for example- sleep) Why do people sleep? *battery idea*-wrong, *idea of protection* 3) Psychoanalysis *discredited* Sigmund Freud- the conscious and unconscious mind must be thoroughly analyzed before effective treatments can begin One of the first people to focus on the subconscious mind Freud’s view of the human mind: the mental iceberg Conscious level (thoughts, perception), preconscious level (memories, stored knowledge), unconscious level (fears, violent motives, unacceptable sexual desires, immoral urges, etc) Ex: hypnosis
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